Signs and symptoms of active TB (tuberculosis Bacteria) and how to Prevent TB

how to Prevent TB

The cough of a person coughing around you is just a simple cough, and you don't even think about TB. Tuberculosis, which kills four lakh citizens every year, is still known as the slaughter of Indians today. But with timely diagnosis and medication, we can overcome it.

Many myths and misconceptions about tuberculosis have spread to society. For example, chronic cough means Tuberculosis! But this is not true. Not every cough has to be tuberculosis. Occasionally due to allergies, climate change can cause cough. But then what are the exact symptoms of tuberculosis?

What causes tuberculosis?

 Tuberculosis (Tuberculosis) is an infectious disease caused by the germ 'Mycobacteria tuberculosis'. Tuberculosis germs spread through the air. Citizens breathing in such air are at risk of tuberculosis.

 There are mainly two types of tuberculosis-

1) Pulmonary Tuberculosis is pulmonary

Infected sputum (sputum positive)

Unlucky spit (sputum negative)

2) TB (extrapulmonary TB) in other areas of the body other than the lungs

Tuberculosis of the gland (lymph node)

Tuberculosis of bone and joints

Tuberculosis of the genitalia and excretion (genito-urinary tract)

Nervous System Tuberculosis (Nervous System)

Tuberculosis of the intestine

It is important to know the symptoms of TB, if we already know the symptoms of TB, we can treat it properly at the right time and cure the TB. TB is an infectious disease, and the disease is caused by a bacterium, a disease from one person to another.


TB not only affects the lungs but also the whole body, slowly, ie the intestines, skin, bones, kidneys, heart, all of them. The organs become infected. The prevalence of the disease makes it difficult for the patient to survive, so it is important to know the symptoms.


The main symptom of TB is chronic cough, if you have cough for more than 6 weeks, it is the initial symptom of TB, so check for cough after cough. And the second symptom is that the initial symptoms of TB include bleeding in the cuffs and if there is blood coming out, it should be looked into seriously and the appropriate treatment should be taken immediately by the doctor.

1) Cough-

 A cough that is more than three weeks old. This is a major symptom of tuberculosis.

2) mild fever

 Fever can also occur in malaria or other flu. Therefore, check for other symptoms along with fever and make a proper diagnosis through tuberculosis tests.

3) Weight loss-

 Tuberculosis suddenly reduces appetite and reduces weight instantly.

4) Spitting blood -

 Spitting blood is a symptom of tuberculosis. In some, the color of coffee is green or yellow.

5) Chest pain -

 Common cough

6) Feeling of weakness and fatigue-

 Weakness and fatigue are a common symptom of tuberculosis. Because of an infection in the lungs, it is difficult to breathe.

7) Tuberculosis also causes night sweats.

Like the lungs, it can spread to other organs in the body. They show the effect on that particular organ.

Anorexia (lymph adenopathy) - Swelling and bloating on the neck. Sometimes the poo comes out of it.

Meningitis - Headache, fever, tiredness, stiffness of the neck, etc. It is mainly seen in children.

Acne Tuberculosis - back pain, spinal cord swelling, fever, etc.

Ulcers in the skin tuberculosis do not fill quickly.

Tuberculosis spreads to the intestines, complicates constipation and increases the risk of abdominal stress.

Please consult your doctor if you experience any of the above symptoms. Because tuberculosis is infectious, it can remain untreated unless treated by one patient. So around

Intestinal tuberculosis

When TB germs enter the stomach, the intestines begin to cling to the inside of the intestine.

Symptoms of intestinal TB


1) Frequent abdominal cramps, most commonly aches or pains after eating.

2) Stomach pain becomes unbearable and then begins to vomit.

3) Toilet, often thin at the beginning.

4) Fine fever, weight loss.

5) Decrease Appetite

6) Stomach upset if intestines narrow. (Distension) or stomach swelling.


Investigations for TB

Tests for stomach TB


1) Blood tests: Hemoglobin decreases and certain cells grow.

2) X-ray of the chest: TB patches appear.

3) Sonography of the stomach: Water in the abdomen and the growth of bales.

4) Stomach Barium Detection: In this case, the patient is given a barium drug and is advancing in the intestine while taking various x-rays at different times to see if there is any injury to the intestine or where there is obstruction.

5) CT scan: Diagnosis is done in the stomach lumps in the stomach with intestines. As well as the intestine