What is the difference between TYPE 1 and TYPE 2 diabetes and learn symptoms and prevention
There are two types of Diabetes TYPE 1 diabetes and TYPE 2 Diabetes.
There are two types of diabetes - type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes reduces insulin production or stops producing insulin, and can be controlled to a great extent.
While the blood sugar level of people affected by type 2 diabetes increases greatly, which is very difficult to control. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are not the same, there is a lot of difference between the two.
Type 1 diabetes
In Type 1 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas are completely destroyed and thus insulin is not possible to form.
Type 1 diabetes by genetic, auto-immune and some viral infections, due to which beta cells are completely destroyed in childhood.
In type 1 diabetes our body stops making insulin. It is an autoimmune disease. That is, the cells of the body attack and destroy the pancreatic cells that make insulin. This may be due to genetic reasons. Type 1 occurs at a very young age or sometimes by birth.
Type 1 diabetes is usually seen in the age of less than 12 to 25 years. Type 1 diabetes has a greater effect in Sweden and Finland. One in every 200 Finland children under the age of 15 has Type 1 diabetes.
According to the Ministry of Health, type 1 diabetes occurs in only 1% to 2% of cases in India.
Reason Behind Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes can happen to anyone at any time in childhood, even in old age infancy.
But type 1 diabetes is usually seen only in the age of 6 to 18 years.
That is, it is a disease that occurs in children. Although the number of people suffering from this type of diabetes is very small, only 1% to 2% of people in India have type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms
In type 1 diabetes, increasing the amount of sugar causes the patient to urinate frequently, due to excess fluid coming out of the body, the patient feels very thirsty.
Due to type 1 diabetes, there is also a lack of water in the body, the patient starts feeling weak, besides, the heartbeat also increases greatly.
Treatment of type 1
In type 1 diabetes, insulin is not produced in the body, so the patient has to take insulin periodically through an injection or pump.
Type 2 diabetes
People with type 2 diabetes have a very high blood sugar level which is very difficult to control.
In Type 2 diabetes, the victim feels more thirsty, frequent urination and frequent hunger problems.
It can happen to anyone, but it is seen more in children. In type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to use insulin properly
Reason behind type 2 diabetes
Currently, children are also suffering from type 2 diabetes due to lack of exercise and high intake of fast food.
Type 2 diabetes visible in people below 15 years, especially in 12 or 13 year olds. It is happening more among women than men.
Type 2 diabetes is more common to people who are overweight, usually BMI is higher in people over 32. It can also happen due to genetic reasons.
Many factors are responsible for type 2 diabetes. These include obesity, hypertension, lack of sleep and poor lifestyle. Experts also count genetic causes. In this, either insulin is reduced in the body or the cells of the body are no longer sensitive to insulin. Since a poor lifestyle is responsible for type 2, it can occur anytime but usually occurs in adults.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms
Due to this, due to increase in the level of blood sugar in the body, there are problems like fatigue, low vision and headache.
As the fluid comes out of the body in excess, it makes the patient thirsty.
In type 2 diabetes patient does not heal quickly when an injury or wound occurs.
In type 2 diabetes Continuous excess of diabetes affects the eyesight, due to which there is a disease called diabetic retinopathy due to which there is a decrease in eyesight.
Treatment of type 2
In type 2 diabetes, either insulin is low or the body is not sensitive to it, so through drugs, the body is motivated to produce more insulin. Insulin is also given when needed.
Insulin is given for the prevention of diabetes. Insulin is a type of hormone which is very useful for our body.
It is through insulin that blood cells get sugar, that is, insulin works to deliver sugar to other parts of the body.
The sugar supplied by insulin provides energy to the cells.