Diebetes Type 1 And Type2
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high.
Diabetes is a growing problem in our country. India is the second most populous country in the world. Every fifth Indian citizen has diabetes and it is a matter of great concern.
There are two type of dibetes
Type1 diabetes in which the pancreas produces little no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body blood sugar know is glucose. For energy, your body takes a food you eat and breaks down fat, protein and carbohydrates for energy. What your body is digesting the food the carbohydrates broken down into glucose. The glucose then absorb into the blood stream where it is carry to cells through your body.insulin helps to absorb glucose in your blood along it to be use as energy. A healthy pancreas realizes a regular suppliers insulin in to a blood streams. As you eat your blood glucose level rise and your pancreas respond by you realizing more insulin to move the glucose in your cells. Insulin excess a key opening of the self so can accept the glucose.
in person with type 1 diabetes pancreas produces little or no insulin. Without insulin blood glucose level rise. Without insulin glucose can not enter the cells and we use for energy.As result, it remains blood strain.In person with type 1 diabetes pancreas produces little or no insulin. Without insulin blood glucose level rise. Without insulin glucose can not enter the cells and we use for energy.As result, it remains blood strain.As a person with type 1 diabetes it is imp monitor to maintain healthy blood glucose level. High blood glucose level over a long period of time can lead to health complications. If your blood glucose level drop too low even for short amount of time you may feel dizzy or too harder cold If your blood glucose drop extremely low you may lose consciousness By taking insulin is prescribed by your doctor and maintaining healthy diet and keep your glucose level in range.
Diabetes mellitus type 1 (also known as type 1 diabetes) is a type of diabetes disease in which not enough insulin is produced. High blood sugar level is the result of insulin deficiency. Classical symptoms are frequent urination, increased thirst, increased appetite, and weight loss. Additional symptoms may include blurred vision, feeling tired, and poor treatment. Symptoms usually develop in a short period of time.
Early management of diabetes type 2 is done by increasing exercise and dietary improvements. If these measures do not reduce blood glucose levels sufficiently, then medications such as metforminia insulin may be needed. People who are on insulin require regular monitoring of blood glucose levels.The rate of diabetes has increased in parallel with the rate of obesity over the last 50 years. In 2010, approximately 285 million people suffer from the disease, compared to about 30 million in 1985.
Long-term complications from high blood sugar can include heart disease, seizures, diabetic rhinopathy that affects the eyesight, renal failure that may require dialysis, and limb amputation due to poor transmission to organs. However, diabetes type 1, a serious complication of ketone body, is uncommon. However, nonacetotic hyprosmolar coma may occur.
All types of diabetes cause blood glucose levels to be higher than normal.Type 1 is mainly due to congenital Cause (right from birth) .Type 1 dibetes is mainly due to healthier to produce insulin. Pancrease failed to produced insulin .
Type 2 is mainly due to resistance of insulin.
Diabetics make up 1-3% of this type of patient. Type 1 diabetes is due to the destruction of beta cells in the island of Lanarhans in the pancreas, the formation of antibodies against insulin, the lack of insulin, or the formation of insulin in the pancreas. The onset of the immune system can be triggered by external causes (eg, bacterial infections, side effects of chemicals and drugs, stress, etc.). It started at a young or young age, so it is also known as childhood diabetes. Its severe if not treated on time
In this type of diabetes, insulin is produced in the body of the diabetic, but it is less than what the body needs. In this way, the cells in the body make insulin insensitive or resistant to it. Often as the patient grows older, the number of beta-cells producing insulin decreases. Blood glucose levels increase due to insulin depletion. Sometimes some cells in the body (mainly muscle, tissue cells, etc.) are insensitive to insulin, causing type-1 diabetes. Insulin initially
Obesity (weight gain)
Diagnosis (Blood test)
Blood glucose level
A)Fasting blood sugar level
B)Post prandial blood glucose level
2)Oral glucose tolerance test
Diagnostic tests should be performed immediately as symptoms of Type-2 diabetes are rapidly increasing. Type-1 diabetes is found in blood tests done for other ailments. Therefore, every year at a growing age, any family member or family member has diabetes, or they have diabetes or other diseases like heart disease, arteriosclerosis, hypertension, kidney disorders, liver disorders, eye diseases, infections etc.
Oral hypoglycaemic drugs (anti dibetics)
Management dibetes is manage with medical treatment as well as diet .In diet their should be restricted sugar intake ,fat intake
Maintainace of normal body weight with exercise and healthy diet.
Blood pressure shoukd be under checked and maintain to be normal.